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FELINE: Gastritis

 

 

What is gastritis?

"Gastritis may be acute or chronic, and it may be associated with more serious conditions."

 

Gastritis is defined as inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The word is derived from the Greek "gastro-"meaning "of the stomach" and "- it is " meaning "inflammation." Gastritis may be acute or chronic, and it may be associated with more serious conditions.

 

What are the signs of gastritis?

The most common clinical signs associated with gastritis are acute vomiting and decreased appetite (anorexia). Other clinical signs may include dehydration, lethargy or depression increased thirst, blood in the vomit or feces, and abdominal pain. Acute gastritis is typically self-limiting and of short (less than twenty-four hours) duration. The cause is normally not discovered because the clinical signs usually resolve before diagnostic testing is performed.

 

What causes gastritis?

Acute gastritis occurs more frequently in kittens, or in curious cats, who eat things they shouldn't eat (called "dietary indiscretion"). Causes of acute gastritis include the ingestion of spoiled or raw food, non-food items such as garbage, foreign objects and plants, exposure to toxins, molds and fungi, eating inappropriate foodstuffs such as table scraps or leftovers, or being fed large quantities of food. With acute gastritis, most cats recover in one to three days with supportive treatment, which includes a short period of withholding food. The prognosis is usually good, even if the primary cause is not identified.

 

Some of the common causes or conditions associated with gastritis in cats include:

Antibiotics
Antiinflammatories (esp.NSAIDs)
Bacterial infection
Bilious vomiting syndrome
Chemical irritants
Chemotherapy
Corticosteroids
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Dietary indiscretion
Endocrine disease
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis
Food allergy
Foreign body (including hairballs)
Fungal infection
Gastrinoma or other neoplasia
Granulomatous gastric disease
Heavy metal poisoning
Hepatic (liver) disease
Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison's disease)
Idiopathic (unknown cause) gastritis
Immune mediated disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
Intestinal parasites
Lymphoplasmacytic gastritis
Mast cell tumor
Mycotoxins (fungal toxins)
Overeating
Pancreatitis
Peritonitis
Poisonous plants
Pyometra
Pythium (water molds)
Spoiled food
Stress
Toxins
Uremia
Viral infection

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